DUAL CITIZENSHIPRepublic Act 9225 otherwise known as the Citizenship Retention and Reacquisition Act of 2003 (more popularity known as the Dual Citizenship Law) enables former natural-born Filipinos who have become naturalized citizens of another country to reacquire/retain their Philippine citizenship by taking an oath of allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines. Upon reacquiring their Philippine citizenship, they shall enjoy full civil, economic and political rights as Filipinos.
Under the principle of derivative citizenship, unmarried children below eighteen (18) years of age, whether legitimate, illegitimate, or adopted, of those who reacquired their Philippine citizenship under this law shall also be deemed Filipino citizens.
However, there is another kind of dual citizenship, which is not covered by the law. This pertains to a dual citizen by birth: A child born in the United States when either parent was still a Filipino citizen is considered to be a dual citizen from birth.
Application for reacquisition of Philippine citizenshipSubmit the original and one duplicate copy of the following required documents to apply for reacquisition of Philippine citizenship:
1.Original duly-accomplished Application Forms
2.Copy of Philippine Birth Certificate
3.Copy of Philippine Passport
4.Copy of US Passport
5.Copy of Marriage Certificate/Contract (for married women)
6.Copy of US Naturalization Certificate
7.Six (6) pieces of latest photograph (2” x 2”
8.Processing fee of US$50.00 (non-refundable, payable only in cash, money order or certified check payable to the Embassy or the Consulate General, personal check and personal money order are not accepted.)
If an applicant for dual citizenship would like to include their unmarried minor (below 18 years of age) children who were born when both parents were already non‐Filipinos: submit a duplicate original or certified photocopy of the birth certificate of your children and their non‐Philippine passport.
After the application is processed and approved, contact the Embassy or Consulate on a predetermined date to take their oath of allegiance before a consular officer. Prior to taking the oath of allegiance, the applicant is required to sign the Oath of Allegiance prepared by the Embassy or Consulate. After the applicant takes oath, he will receive the original copy of his notarized oath of allegiance together with an Order of Approval issued by the Consulate, and the corresponding Identification Certificate, if available.
If the applicant is a Bureau of Immigration registered alien, he shall surrender the original ACR and ICR/CRTV, or in its absence, an affidavit explaining the loss of said documents for transmittal to the BI.
Rights and privilegesOnce you reacquire/retain your Philippine citizenship, you will once again enjoy full civil, economic and political rights under existing Philippine laws.
Among these rights are:
1.The right to travel with a Philippine passport.
2.The right to own real property in the Philippines.
3.The right to engage in business and commerce as a Filipino, and
4.The right to practice one’s profession, provided that a license or permit to engage in such practice is obtained from the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC), or the Supreme Court in the case of lawyers.
You may also vote in Philippine national elections (for President, Vice President, Senators and sectoral representatives) by overseas/absentee ballots in accordance with the provisions of the Overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003.
You will enjoy all other rights and privileges enjoyed by Filipino citizens.
Implication on payment of taxesUnder the Comprehensive Tax Reform Program of 1997, incomes earned abroad by Filipinos from 1998 are no longer taxable. Hence, all Filipinos abroad, including those who have reacquired their Philippine citizenship, have been exempted by the Philippine Government from paying Philippine income tax on incomes earned abroad.
Incomes earned in the Philippines, however, will be subject to Philippine income tax.
Residency requirementResidency in the Philippines is NOT a requirement for those who reacquire Philippine citizenship.